We all know it, theres this new hyped lending protocol which pays a higher APR for supplying an asset than it takes APR for lending the asset.

What do we do? We deposit the asset, borrow it, deposit the borrowed amount again, borrow it etc etc.

At the end of the day we have a pretty large capital efficiency and high APR.

--------------------------------------------------------

- USDC deposit APR = 10%

- USDC borrow APR = 5%

- Allowed LTV = 80%

- Initial capital = 100k USDC

Deposit 100,000 USDC

Borrow 80,000 USDC (80% LTV)

Total deposits: 100,000 USDC

Total borrows: 80,000 USDC

Deposit 80,000 USDC

Borrow 64,000 USDC (80% LTV)

Total deposits: 180,000 USDC

Total borrows: 144,000 USDC

Deposit 64,000 USDC

Borrow 51,200 USDC (80% LTV)

Total deposits: 244,000 USDC

Total borrows: 195,200 USDC

Deposit 51,200 USDC

Borrow 40,960 USDC (80% LTV)

Total deposits: 295,200 USDC

Total borrows: 236,160 USDC

Deposit 40,960 USDC

Borrow 32,768 USDC (80% LTV)

Total deposits: 336,160 USDC

Total borrows: 268,928 USDC

Now, let's calculate the effective APR:

Effective APR = (Deposit Interest - Borrow Interest) / Initial Capital * 100%

Deposit Interest = Total deposits * Deposit APR = 336,160 * 10% = 33,616 USDC

Borrow Interest = Total borrows * Borrow APR = 268,928 * 5% = 13,446.40 USDC

Effective APR = (33,616 - 13,446.40) / 100,000 * 100% = 20,169.60 / 100,000 * 100% = 20.17%

(This is done by GPT because i'm lazy - you get the idea)

----------------------------------------------------------

Now there's an easy way to avoid this gas-consuming loop and just flashloan the way up to your leverage:

a) Provide initial USDC capital

b) Flashloan USDC

c) Deposit the initial USDC capital and the flashloaned amount

d) Borrow the flashloaned amount

e) Pay back the flashloaned amount

Illustrated (GPT 4 WIN):

Step a) Provide initial USDC capital:

Initial capital = 100,000 USDC

Step b) Flashloan USDC:

Flashloan amount = Initial capital / (1 - LTV)

Flashloan amount = 100,000 / (1 - 0.8)

Flashloan amount = 100,000 / 0.2

Flashloan amount = 500,000 USDC

Step c) Deposit the initial USDC capital and the flashloaned amount:

Total deposit = Initial capital + Flashloan amount

Total deposit = 100,000 + 500,000

Total deposit = 600,000 USDC

Step d) Borrow the flashloaned amount:

Borrow amount = Flashloan amount

Borrow amount = 500,000 USDC

Step e) Pay back the flashloaned amount:

Repay the flashloan of 500,000 USDC

After executing these steps, the resulting position would be:

Total deposits: 600,000 USDC

Total borrows: 500,000 USDC

Now, let's calculate the effective APR:

Effective APR = (Deposit Interest - Borrow Interest) / Initial Capital * 100%

Deposit Interest = Total deposits * Deposit APR = 600,000 * 10% = 60,000 USDC

Borrow Interest = Total borrows * Borrow APR = 500,000 * 5% = 25,000 USDC

Effective APR = (60,000 - 25,000) / 100,000 * 100% = 35,000 / 100,000 * 100% = 35%

What do we do? We deposit the asset, borrow it, deposit the borrowed amount again, borrow it etc etc.

At the end of the day we have a pretty large capital efficiency and high APR.

--------------------------------------------------------

*Let's take a hypothetical example:*- USDC deposit APR = 10%

- USDC borrow APR = 5%

- Allowed LTV = 80%

- Initial capital = 100k USDC

**Loop 1:**Deposit 100,000 USDC

Borrow 80,000 USDC (80% LTV)

Total deposits: 100,000 USDC

Total borrows: 80,000 USDC

**Loop 2:**Deposit 80,000 USDC

Borrow 64,000 USDC (80% LTV)

Total deposits: 180,000 USDC

Total borrows: 144,000 USDC

**Loop 3:**Deposit 64,000 USDC

Borrow 51,200 USDC (80% LTV)

Total deposits: 244,000 USDC

Total borrows: 195,200 USDC

**Loop 4:**Deposit 51,200 USDC

Borrow 40,960 USDC (80% LTV)

Total deposits: 295,200 USDC

Total borrows: 236,160 USDC

**Loop 5:**Deposit 40,960 USDC

Borrow 32,768 USDC (80% LTV)

Total deposits: 336,160 USDC

Total borrows: 268,928 USDC

Now, let's calculate the effective APR:

Effective APR = (Deposit Interest - Borrow Interest) / Initial Capital * 100%

Deposit Interest = Total deposits * Deposit APR = 336,160 * 10% = 33,616 USDC

Borrow Interest = Total borrows * Borrow APR = 268,928 * 5% = 13,446.40 USDC

Effective APR = (33,616 - 13,446.40) / 100,000 * 100% = 20,169.60 / 100,000 * 100% = 20.17%

(This is done by GPT because i'm lazy - you get the idea)

----------------------------------------------------------

Now there's an easy way to avoid this gas-consuming loop and just flashloan the way up to your leverage:

a) Provide initial USDC capital

b) Flashloan USDC

c) Deposit the initial USDC capital and the flashloaned amount

d) Borrow the flashloaned amount

e) Pay back the flashloaned amount

Illustrated (GPT 4 WIN):

Step a) Provide initial USDC capital:

Initial capital = 100,000 USDC

Step b) Flashloan USDC:

Flashloan amount = Initial capital / (1 - LTV)

Flashloan amount = 100,000 / (1 - 0.8)

Flashloan amount = 100,000 / 0.2

Flashloan amount = 500,000 USDC

Step c) Deposit the initial USDC capital and the flashloaned amount:

Total deposit = Initial capital + Flashloan amount

Total deposit = 100,000 + 500,000

Total deposit = 600,000 USDC

Step d) Borrow the flashloaned amount:

Borrow amount = Flashloan amount

Borrow amount = 500,000 USDC

Step e) Pay back the flashloaned amount:

Repay the flashloan of 500,000 USDC

After executing these steps, the resulting position would be:

Total deposits: 600,000 USDC

Total borrows: 500,000 USDC

Now, let's calculate the effective APR:

Effective APR = (Deposit Interest - Borrow Interest) / Initial Capital * 100%

Deposit Interest = Total deposits * Deposit APR = 600,000 * 10% = 60,000 USDC

Borrow Interest = Total borrows * Borrow APR = 500,000 * 5% = 25,000 USDC

Effective APR = (60,000 - 25,000) / 100,000 * 100% = 35,000 / 100,000 * 100% = 35%